Oxygen Implementation Project, Papua New Guinea and Nigeria
The Centre for International Child Health is leading the implementation of solar powered oxygen delivery systems in district hospitals in Papua New Guinea and Nigeria, two countries with high child mortality from pneumonia.
Pneumonia is the largest cause of child mortality in Papua New Guinea, Nigeria, and globally. Hypoxaemia is the biggest risk factor for death in childhood pneumonia, and occurs in at least 13% of children presenting to hospitals with pneumonia. Better oxygen systems, which includes oxygen therapy using concentrators and pulse oximetry, have been shown to reduce mortality from pneumonia by up to 35% in provincial hospitals. However oxygen is often unavailable in remote rural settings where other services, including where power is limited or unreliable.
The project aims to install comprehensive oxygen delivery systems and solar power in 36 health facilities in PNG and 12 hospitals in Nigeria. The project takes a holistic approach to continuous quality improvement and health centre functioning. This includes training for use and maintenance of oxygen equipment, education, data collection and use, strengthen the broader health care delivery and education systems. The project will evaluate the clinical, technical, administrative, logistical, and health system needs and effects of such an intervention and explore challenges and opportunities for future implementation.
The project is being run in collaboration with the University of Ibadan the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria, the Papua New Guinea Department of Health, and the School of Medicine and Health Sciences at the University of PNG, with support from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.
- Professor Trevor Duke, Director
- Professor Steve Graham, Prinicipal Research Fellow
- Associate Professor Fiona Russell, Principal Research Fellow
- Associate Professor Andrew Steer, Princial Research Fellow
- Dr Samantha Colquhoun, Senior Research Fellow and Senior Health Systems Strengthening Advisor
- Dr Amy Gray, Lecturer
- Dr Shidan Tosif, PHD Candidate, Research Fellow
- Dr Hamish Graham, PHD candidate, Research Fellow
Dr Daniel Engelman, PHD Candidate
- Eleanor Neal, PHD Candidate and Research Assistant
- Ciara Baker, Research Assistant
- Dr Melinda Morpeth, Laos Clinical Education Fellow
- Doctor Kate Milner, Paediatrician, PHD Candidate
- Dr Myra Hardy, International Child Health Fellow, PHD Candidate
- Dr Rami Subhi, Paediatrician
- World Health Organisation
- Murdoch Children's Research Institute (MCRI)
- Kirby Institute
- University of New South Wales (UNSW)
- Papua New Guinea Paediatric Society
- Port Moresby General Hospital
- Fiji Ministry of Health
- Faculty of Postgraduate Studies, University of Health Sciences, Lao PDR
- EDW, University of Health Sciences, Lao PDR
- Lao PDR Ministry of Health
Laos Oxford Mahosot Wellcome Trust Research Unit (LOMWTRU)
- Gadja Mada University
- London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)
Projects within the Centre for International Child Health are supported by a range of funding organisations, such as:
- National Health and Medical Research Council
- World Health Organisation
- RE Ross Trust
- Murdoch Childrens Research Institute
- Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade
- GAVI Alliance
- Save the Children UK
- Planet Wheeler Foundation
- New Zealand Aid/Cure Kids,
- Shepherd Foundation
- Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
Duke T, Graham H, Peel D, Izadnegahdar R, Duke C. Solar powered health care. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2016;20(5):572-3.
Duke T, Peel D, Graham S, Howie S, Enarson PM, Jacobson R. Oxygen concentrators: a practical guide for clinicians and technicians in developing countries. Annals of Tropical Paediatrics 2010;87-101.
Duke T, Peel D, Wandi F, Subhi R, Sa'avu M, Matai S. Oxygen supplies for hospitals in Papua New Guinea: a comparison of the feasibility and cost-effectiveness of methods for different settings. PNG Med J 2010;53:126-38.
World Health Organization. Oxygen Therapy for Children. Geneva: WHO http://www.who.int/maternal_child_adolescent/documents/child-oxygen-therapy/en/ (accessed March 2016); 2016.
Duke T, Wandi F, Jonathan M, Matai S, Kaupa M, Sa'avu M et al. Improved oxygen systems for childhood pneumonia: a multihospital effectiveness study in Papua New Guinea. Lancet 2008;372:1328-33.
Duke T, Blaschke AJ, Sialis S, Bonkowsky JL. Hypoxaemia in acute respiratory and non-respiratory illness in neonates and children in a developing country. Arch Dis Child 2002;86:108-12.
Duke T, Frank D, Mgone J. Hypoxaemia in children with severe pneumonia in Papua New Guinea. Int J TB Lung Dis 2000;5(6):511-9.
Duke T, Subhi R, Peel D, Frey B. Pulse oximetry: technology to reduce child mortality in developing countries. Ann Trop Paediatr 2009;29(3):165-75.